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IBS-Prefabricated-Component
Structure

IBS Prefabricated Prefab

Jul 13 2020
Industrialized Building System (IBS) is a common phrase used in Malaysia to describe the construction of a building by assembling the building component that builds from a factory. So in general IBS and Prefabricated or in short Prefab building are referring the same thing.

Introduction
Prefabricated buildings have been gradually promoted by developed countries such as Europe and the United States in the late 1940s. Other countries such as Western Europe and Northern Europe, as well as North America, Japan, Singapore, and Hong Kong, are also well known for its advanced in the prefabricated building. With the rapid urbanization of China, the prefabricated building is also their current top choice for their housing and industry development. Often prefab building offers smaller price tags, environmentally friendly and faster finish built.
Construction-Chemical-Factory
Structure

Construction Chemical

Jul 13 2020
Construction chemicals are the chemical formulations between cement, concrete, and other building material to bind them together at the time or before the time of construction. These construction chemicals are widely used in the construction of residential, commercial industries, commercial building, and infrastructure. The Asia Pacific region own the largest market share for construction chemical products, follow up is Europe and North America. Since the reform and opening up of China, the country construction industry has developed unprecedentedly and construction market is vigorously in demand. The increase in demand and functionality building has pushed forward the need of new building materials like construction chemical to counter the demand.
Waterproofing-roof-with-silicon-coating
Structure

Waterproofing

Jul 13 2020
In construction, waterproofing is the important solutions to prevent the damaging effect of water on the building fabric and the usability of buildings. Water infiltration will cause damages such as insect infestation, growing of molds and in worst cases building failures Whether it is tunnels, bridges, dams, roads, buildings or houses we live in today, waterproofing plays an important role in the construction and preservation of it.

Introduction
The materials use for waterproofing are mainly coils, polyurethanes, epoxy flooring, acrylic waterproof coating, bituminous waterproofing, etc. Waterproofing of home space or room is also widely practiced in residential nowadays. An area like the roof, toilets, balconies, exterior walls, kitchens, basements, swimming pools and material like steel are famous for waterproofing and moisture-proof treatment in order to increase its lifespan and usability.

Roof waterproofing method is often seen in the residential house and industrial building. The method used is usually waterproofing membrane or coating. Sometimes this two method name is interchangeable as different manufacturer different product introduction. A membrane is a flexible sheet-like structure that as a protective or boundary between the structure and the elements from water and chemical damage or the environmental damage. The method is usually durable, long-term and flexible. One of the common material is the polyurethane membrane. Polyurethane is an extremely versatile elastomer used in many kinds of application. Due to its resistance to water, oil, and grease, the polyurethane waterproofing is widely used in roofing, basement, indoor carpark, wall, etc. Whereas the coating is more like a thin layer of paint that applied to the surface of structure or product. This layer usually acts as UV protection, reflective and also help keep the structure cool down. Often this coating would require constant maintenance around 1 to 2 years and subject to wear faster in a harsh environment. Of course, nowadays waterproofing comes in different brand and mixture and some coating even perform better than the membrane. Some even combine them to use it together.
pine-wood-flooring-furniture
Structure

Timber

Jul 13 2020
Timber or so-called lumber is usually a trimmed block of wood that process into beams and planks of a building or structure. furniture are usually separate to two main type which is hardwood that usually used for decorative purposes and the other is softwood that often uses as the structural material. These two names are usually misleading because hardwood is not necessarily hard and softwood are not necessarily soft and they are usually distinguished through botanically in terms of their reproduction. Hardwood are usually tend to be denser and therefore sturdier meanwhile softwood are lesser in dense and therefore easier to cut. So in general, the denser of a wood than the easier it will split if you pound a nail into it. Thus in order to nail it the right way, you will have to drill a screw hole or bolt hole. However, softwood or structural lumber which is much softer and lighter able to accepts nail easily without splitting it and thus making it a good material for general construction.
Asphalt Shingles 3
Sep 25 2019
A roof is a necessity to a building, it covers up the building’s top and it acts as protection that shields up internal property and people in it. It safeguards them from rain, sunlight’s UV, wind, dust and other foreign substances. Covering is supported by roof structure and framing, it can also create another space for activities, such as a roof garden. Maximizing the roofing space is now getting more common in Malaysia.
WPC Flooring
Aug 4 2018
Flooring is commonly referred to as permanent floor covering, a proper flooring system comprises of a good supportive subfloor including sprung, floating and raised flooring. These are installed to ensure proper structural strength can be provided for the floor covering, for instance, concrete subfloor or plywood subfloor.
infrastructure-bridge
Structure

Infrastructure

Aug 28 2018
Infrastructure refers to the necessary facility that ensures normal social and economic activities of the country or region. It is usually a prior system that allows better living condition and development of society. Infrastructure has a so-called 'multiplier effect' which is total social demand and national income that can bring several times the investment amount.

Introduction
The infrastructure is an important basis for a country or region to allow its economy to sustain stable development in the long run. Type of infrastructure includes transportation, communication, water supply, power supply, public amenities, scientific research, environmental protection, etc. Establishing a good infrastructure often takes a long time and huge investment so a careful planning and hiring expert is a must to complete the project.

heavy-equipment-and-machine-excavator
Structure

Heavy Equipment and Machines

Aug 28 2018
Heavy equipment and machines are heavy-duty vehicles that are specially designed to work on construction tasks like earthwork operations, bulldozers, forklifts, cranes, shovels, backhoes etc. It is often referred to as hydraulic machines because most of this machine uses the basic principle of that hydraulic system to operate.

Introduction
The interesting thing about the hydraulic system is that the force multiplication is very easy to be added to the system and make the machine to have amazing strength and versatility. For example, an excavator which is one of the large hydraulic machines that can be seen in the most construction site. Either is small or medium or large these excavator actions are quite swift and able to scoop out 1 to 1.5 tons of dirt and move it around with no difficulty at all. This heavy equipment also posses track and a free-spinning toothed wheel and a set of rollers to allow the track to move freely.
Stone-Wall
Jul 19 2020
There are plenty of walls but yet structural wall is having the limited option as in because it requires stronger materials, usually made of steel, concrete and stone walls. For structural wall to be defined, it must be a load-bearing wall in which consists of the structural elements for the building. In another word, it can withstand the weight imposed or other components that sitting above it; making the wall as a foundation structure that can be rested by the element's weight. For instance, in an ordinary house, exterior walls are usually the one with the ability to bear the load, carrying the weights such as upper storey, roof as well as tightly integrated to the foundation. Although there are chances load-bearing wall can be your interior wall or similarly appear as interior, yet still, they would have attributes of load-bearing.

At the same time, a structural wall might also hold utility installation such as plumbing, electrical wiring, joining of accessories and fittings of your building. There is some structural wall namely, precast concrete wall, reinforced-concrete wall (RC wall), masonry wall, stone wall, retaining wall and more. These walls can hold the structure together and usually connecting the outer part of the house, making upper floors, slabs and roofings sitting on top of it. On the other hand, curtain walls (which is also known as a non-load-bearing wall) are those that cannot typically carry the weight of building structure. Their responsibilities are usually just to bear their own weights, getting areas or rooms to be divided and cannot be imposed with any structural load. However, they can resist the wind force, acting as an insulating barrier, offering privacy as well as decoration.
Sydney-Habour-Bridge
Aug 25 2020
A truss is a finished product assembled from beams together with other elements, its level of essential is very high and therefore advisable to use the best material to make sure the strength and safety of building design. The loading must be calculated by professional and endorsed by a qualified engineer. Moreover, the raw material used to make up the truss must be certified by structural authorities of a local council or construction industry. The brand or the factory should have a high standard of compliance, where there is no risk of getting inferior product supplier that later harm the tenants inside and outside of the building. Not only the building itself, but especially the roofing sheltering is also undoubtedly vital to prevent their covering to be dropped on to the street and hit on to other properties, assets, vehicles and other people who pass by when the accident happens.

Truss can be made by several materials, such as aluminium, steel, timber and more. However, when evaluating which material to use, must be consulted with consultants since different material has their pros and cons. At the meantime, the developer or owner shall also consider the cost incurred of acquisition for such material. Nevertheless, truss designer shall feel without hesitation to raise any issue concern when coming to the feasibility of using a certain product or specified into the real structural drawing to both customers as well as a contractor. Getting a reliable supplier who can give the best price with minimal headache and greatest after-sale service is always the key reason to figure a successful project. Combining architectural wants with workability is the frequent point wanted by all parties, open discussion to explore is often the best way to meet such.
Commercial-Metal-Deck
Structure

Metal Roof

Sep 10 2020
A metal roof is also called as metal tile, metal deck, steel sheet, metal tile and it is usually utilized due to its longevity, impermeability and superior resistance characteristics. Materials that are commonly being fabricated are, such as, steel alloys, copper or the most popular zinc one. There are many signature buildings in the world use metal as their roof sheet, and colours that are well seen are including brown, blue, bronze, copper, black, charcoal, beige. Putting a phenomenon that we can see in the roadside near areas where wind force is strong or any kind of extreme weather, the metal roof will be installed since it can be locked at a very stable method with its material properties, raining and flying debris will not affect it so much.

However, there are drawbacks for using metal decking as your roof such as the noise produces when foreign objects such as raining, stone, tree's branch, bird's waste or any other potential items fall onto the roofing. Yet, if using it for industrial building, there is always no worries while we can also install the insulation foam or wool underneath to mitigate the effect of acoustic. Just like other steel products, metal roofing requires anti-corrosion coating for it to be avoided from rusting due to oxidation when in touch with water and oxygen daily. The few core kinds of a metal roof will also put on zinc to offer a shield to the underlayment, extending the lifespan through corrosion process slowdown. The examples are consisting of galvalume, weathering steel, galvanized.
Piping-Platform
Structure

Machine Platform

Sep 26 2020
There is a wide range of machinery and equipment that needed a platform as well as the foundation for them to carry out their maximum potential, in different kinds of sectors. First of the reason is that the alignment when the technical team is examining the balancing of parts for that machine. Many workshops do the installation of a fabricated item as the attachment of certain pieces of equipment and usually, precision in levelling must be there to investigate if there are any weaknesses caused by improper design, installation as well as after-usage condition. Especially when working with the precision engineering field, any millimetre will cause a huge difference in completed work by the machine itself. The essential of getting accuracy for the end product to be there so safety and financial benefits would not be affected.

Working or not is also another issue when platform is not flat enough, some equipment might not be functioning well and certain machines could even not able to start for testing or commissioning. Furthermore, there are chances which the machine could just breakdown easily when it is operating in a highly un-flatten platform after a certain period of duration. There are also detector can be built within the piece of machine, making the smart device able to highlight when the levelling of the base is not appropriately there. In addition, a gauge used by service technician externally does always have such function, either manually adjusted by him or through laser pointer with the smart data collector. Most importantly to highlight here is that the platform is the preliminary for a successful end product assembly.
Apartment-Awning
Structure

Awning

Oct 6 2020
An awning is so important to building, as a secondary overhanging attachment or covering to the wall or any new-and-existing structure. It can be fabricated using polycarbonate, acrylic, canvas, timber, glass, steel, aluminium, vinyl to many others. Imaging it to be your extra roof shelter to protect you or your other components of the building from the sunshine that cause harmful ultraviolet (UV), rainwater, dust, foreign object or even as to be a privacy-based security application. Some countries with four seasons use a lot of awnings to safeguard their wall, window, door, car, garden, furniture to assets from the hot summer or most important the freezing winter and its snow.

Of course, an awning can be a good wind resistant barrier to many building, from high rise to landed properties. Anyhow, when it is being utilized for such function, it shall be strengthened properly onto the attached wall or structure or the standalone civil works, column, beam, purlin, truss, frame need to be there at the greatest condition with an appropriate calculation for the sake of safety. Many materials are practical to regulate the temperature while still enable sufficient lighting to be shined into the underneath or to the internal of building. Restaurant, hotel, resort or buildings' entrance that requires to look grand can put on the awning as shade while outdoor activities to a building or eating area of the cafe will also use awning.
Few-Layers-Louvre
Structure

Louvre

May 27 2021
What is louvre? louvre can be also known as louver while it is acting as a shutter with horizontal slat, can be angled to a wall, structural or stand alone on its own that either be adjustable, fixed or retractable. Most of the market louvre is made up of wooden, aluminium, steel, composite or other special made designed materials. Louvre can be manually operated or automatic and both have their own outstanding advantages that designers will discuss attentively with owners or building developer before specifying it. The main louvre design will consist of the frame, parallel blade or horizontal one that either framed by the same material base or can be produced using other fabricated raw materials.

It is always installed and can have the role as door or window, while possibly put as another layer to keep moisture, sunlight, rain, air or just merely ventilating the room or buildings by air exchanging theory. Some louvre is also built for indoor as the interior because it can help in such function; such as the toilet or bathroom unit door. It can be put as a shutter door for industrial, commercial and residential too from the main entrance, side gate to the backdoor. Furthermore, its design can be versatile as many architectural concepts can use it to carry up the enhancement of aesthetical value, indirectly elevating the commercial and exterior (or interior) attractiveness to the owners and visitors.
Bungalow-Car-Porch
Structure

Car Porch

Jun 10 2021
In the western countries, there are more common to see garage built-in the house while car porch is also quite popular but garage to park the car with full enclosure will be preferred if any more space available in the property. Nations such as the United States, Australia or Russia have bigger size inland and their population per miles are not so crowded as compared to smaller countries such as those in Europe, Japan or other medium-sized like Malaysia. Unless the budget is there for owners to spare the land purposely to build the garage or when they bought together when they first purchased the properties from the developers, usually is still consume up space, material and time cost for constructing a garage. Therefore, carry on with car porch installation seems wiser when your landed properties have smaller space and it is more flexible.

Car porch is good to have because you can shield not only your vehicles but also on other assets and for other applications such as storage of multiple items from garden tools to outdoor carpentry or more. Since the vehicle might not be occupying places 24/7 and working adults will have to drive their cars out from the home to work, hence, the day time during non-weekend hours will have extra spare space for other home activities or applications. Kids might want to have some games over there, the elderly would like to have a sheltered area to walk after lunch or pets can be running around without the worry of raining or hot sun. During the raining day, housewives will have a better area to keep their clothes and recollect or making the next move when the sunlight shines again. There are a lot of elements in the car porch can explore and further enhanced with creativity.
AirCond-Grille
Structure

Grille

Aug 12 2021
Since grille has a wide range of applications, we should introduce one by one generally on its main usage from various sectors. Grille is defined as a wall opening side-by-side or attaching as another barrier while it can be also installed in a metal sheet. Its opening has several slits and a bigger size sometimes can be over hundreds in term of measure. The key function usually is allowing fresh air ventilate from the one-to-another side while providing an unobstructed view from one side (or some are having both sides). At the same time, it can also be done to the water element, preventing it from splashing in such as rainwater. It can be made by aluminium, bronze, iron, wood to many others. Furthermore, it will have also one benefit purposely for those who want to permit sunlight to go through partially while providing privacy to protect the users.

On the other hand, a grill is also a good idea but there is a difference with grille as it is the grated metal cooking utensil or it can also be known as direct heat cook over. Grille is, strictly speaking, a network of bars made up of several raw materials as a screen or a blocking panel. It also enables the certain size of objects can come in or go out from the room, building, the other side of the wall too by building it, provided the design is appropriately putting on for such purpose. Nevertheless, HVAC grille is famous too as this vent cover (or ventilation cover is its alternate name) as well as the grille cover for engineering industry such as automotive manufacturing. Most of the vehicles will have protection shield at the front end of engine and radiator installed to the vehicle for air to exit or enter; it can be categorized under heating, cooling, air-conditioning (HVAC) too.
Bullet
Structure

Copper

Sep 2 2021
Copper, Cu is a reddish-brown metal compound that has properties including ductile, shiny, malleable, and good electrical and thermal conductivity. Copper is useful in many ways. In the present, copper is used in the construction industry for roofing, wiring, plumbing, etc. It is also used in the electrical and electronics sector, such as the manufacturing of circuit boards, transformers, generators, and telecommunications. It is also used widely in the machinery and transportation sector. It is used in motors, brakes, bearings, radiators, and other vehicle components. Not to mention, copper is also used extensively in household appliances, such as refrigerators, air conditioning, heat sinks, and boilers.

Pure copper itself is too soft and malleable to be useful. Thus, it is combined with other metals to form copper alloys which have more strength to be used for a variety of purposes. For instance, brass is a copper-zinc alloy that is soft, malleable, and resistant to corrosion. These characteristics make brass a metal that is easy to cast and machined. Brass is applied in several other industrial and plumbing usage. Besides that, it has a classy look and therefore it is also used in architectural applications. On the other hand, copper is also combined with other metals such as tin, aluminium, or beryllium to form bronze which is harder and brittle than brass and pure iron. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and has high resistance to corrosion from seawater which is useful for shipbuilding and other submerged applications. Moreover, bronze is also used in sculpture making, medals, and musical instruments.
Fibre-Structural
Structure

Design Friendly Structure

Oct 13 2021
How to define whether a structure is design-friendly, it is usually covering more than just habitable criteria, from the overall environmental-friendly materials specified and also low-energy consumption for power to achieve optimal building temperature, therefore, we must take note of what is being built and can it be sustainable or not. Hiring a green building index (GBI) consultant might win you for tax incentives, the GBI points shall be also justified throughout the balance of the building life without just merely getting the point for financial benefits.

Furthermore, we need to pay attention to the structural factor of the design too, it should also provide lower space waste tolerance, stricter standards can let the owner unlock the potential value per unit of size on top of its land and built-up area. it is undoubtedly key criteria to make the tenability for structure can be withholding heavy load, defending itself and the assets as well as the human life within the tent; it shall be nevertheless avoided to neglect the importance to uphold the value of density per usage.